For Electrical Products operating from 50 V AC to 1000 V AC or 75 V DC and 1500 V DC covered under Low Voltage Directive (LVD – 2014/35/EU) The Low Voltage Directive (LVD) (2014/35/EU) ensures that electrical equipment within certain voltage limits provides a high level of protection for European citizens, and benefits fully from the Single Market. It has been applicable since 20 April 2016.
About the Low Voltage Directive (LVD)
The LVD covers health and safety risks on electrical equipment operating with an input or output voltage of between:
- 50 and 1000 V for Alternating Current
- 75 and 1500 V for Direct Current
It applies to a wide range of electrical equipment for both consumer and professional usage, such as:
- household appliances
- power supply units
- laser equipment
- certain components, e.g. fuses
Other directives affecting electrical products
The vast majority of products within the scope of the LVD will also be within the scope of the
- Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Directive directive
- RoHS directive
- WEEE directive.
- The Ecodesign Directive may also apply.
Some electrical products will not be covered by the LVD because they will be covered by other, more specific directives which are mutually exclusive with the LVD. These include the
- ATEX Directive for equipment used in explosive atmospheres,
- RED Directive for radio and telecommunications equipment,
- Medical Devices Directive for radiology and medical purposes
- Machinery Directive for various machines in industrial use